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Talking about diet therapy for patients with renal insuffici

  Talking about diet therapy for patients with renal insufficiency

  First, in the diet of renal insufficiency, in order to maximize the intake of protein, and not to translate it into energy consumption, a low protein diet must be supplemented with energy. At least 35 thousand calories per kilogram of body weight, mainly supplied by sugar, can be eaten fruit, sugar products, chocolate, jams, honey and so on.

  Second, a reasonable amount of protein intake. The metabolites in the human body are mainly derived from protein components in the diet. Therefore, protein intake must be adapted to the excretory capacity of the kidneys in order to reduce the burden on the remaining kidneys.

  For example, when the blood creatinine is 170 - 440 micromolar / liter, the protein is 0 per kilogram of body weight per day. 6 grams is appropriate, a large number of proteinuria, each lost 1 grams of urine protein, can be added 1. 5 grams of protein. When blood creatinine is more than 440 mol / L, protein intake should be reduced further, with a total amount of not more than 30 grams per day. However, it must be emphasized that if the pursuit of protein restriction will lead to malnutrition and lower body weight, the effect will not be satisfactory.

  Third, renal dysfunction diet, the amount of salt should be determined depending on the condition, such as high blood pressure, edema, should use a low salt diet, 2 grams of salt per day.

  Fourth, it is worth noting that some food accords with the previous conditions, such as egg yolk, dried meat floss, animal offal, milk products, such as the bone marrow, but because of their high P content and should not eat, because phosphorus retention can lead to further deterioration of kidney function. In order to reduce the amount of phosphorus in food, edible fish, meat, potatoes and so on, should be boiled, abandoned soup, and then further cooking.

  Fifth, after renal excretion drugs may also damage the kidneys, such as gentamicin, neomycin, streptomycin, gentamicin, Guan Mutong, sulfa antibiotics, penicillin and auto immune injection, indomethacin, paracetamol, and hormone, contrast agent etc..